The newspaper articles contained below consists of articles appearing in
various newspapers throughout Georgia pertaining to Haralson County or
Haralson County citizens. If you have an article published prior to
1932 please submit to DONALD ALLEN . I do not believe Haralson Co. had a
newspaper until about 1930.
HOMICIDE IN BUCHANAN
Killgore/A.D. Wood Trial
SIX ESCAPE JAIL
A FATHERS APPEAL
William O'Neal Property sold
John K. Holcomb Murder
Hon. B. M. Long/Squire
Bethlehem Church Convention
J. J. Summerlin
William Windham, Jr.
J. F. Napier
Lambert, Elijah A.
Carroll County Times, transcribed by Candice Graville, April 26, 1878
MURDER IN HARALSON; Shot Down on the Highway; No Clue to the Perpetrators
On the 19th inst., Elijah A. Lambert, after
leaving Mr. W.H. Galamore's where
he had staid over the night, was shot from the road side by some unknown
parties, from which he died before any person reached him. The place selected
was quite a favorable one for such an act, being at a branch on the road
leading from Draketown to Buchanan and about half a mile from Corinth church.
Two or more parties had evidently remained in ambush for several hours awaiting
their man, as a quantity of tobacco had been chewed while lying in their
covert. Seven balls took effect, some buckshot and some cartridge balls.
Lambert was about 27 or 28 years old, about 5 feet 11 inches high, black hair,
beard and eyes, hair inclinded to curl, supposed to have had two wives, one in
Pickens county and one in Heard county.
That there is a system of land thieving going on, the number of bogus claims to
land attest, and that E.A. Lambert was a leader in that business, papers and
tricks found on his person fully prove, one paper contained a list of the
justices of the peace, who acted in the several counties of this state at and
during the different years that lands were granted from 1830 up to a few years
back, with pen, ink, paper, etc. so that a deed could be drawn at anytime and
to any lot of land not settled on.
Whether Lambert was killed by some of his own clan or by good meaning people,
whom he had injured, the testimony does not clearly show, but one fact is
certain, the good people of Haralson are not responsible, as most of them were
as much surprised to know that such a man lived, as they were shocked to know
that a murder had been committed in their border. The following is a synopsis
of the testimony before the Coroner's Jury. By request of the jury, Mr. G.F.
Gentry examined the witnesses and Mr. J.P. Hamil acted as stenographer:
First witness, G. Kirklin, was plowing near when the shooting occurred, heard
shooting and hollering and started with second witness to the hollering, saw
the deceased lying by the road, bloody and in much misery, called for help,
witness was frightened and ran off, heard five shots and one cap, shooting
occured at branch, about half mile N.E. Corinth church on Draketown and
Buchanan road. Second witness corroborates first witness.
Third witness, W.S. Mosley, in companyw ith W.H. Galamore, Frank Summerville,
Charles Davis, Hiram Carter and Mr. Miller went to where shooting occurred;
found deceased lying in road; saw where three men had been concealed near the
road, bushes were cut down from covert to road, to give parties a clear shot;
had seen deceased two or three times in life; saw no weapons of any kind on or
Fourth witness, W.H. Galamore, was acquainted with deceased from his youth; had
staid the night before at witness's house, and witness parted with deceased at
fork of road about half mile from where shooting occurred and went on in
company with wife and daughter to see Mr. Mosley. Heard the firing and
hollering, started to go, wife caught him and said must not go, they will shoot
you; went on to Mr. Mosely's in company with parties name; went to where
shooting occurred; thence to where deceased was lying dead, about half mile
from where he was shot; said deceased had staid in Polk county the night before
at J. Jenkins and was on his way home to Heard county, Georgia.
A few days ago he had received a note from Mr. James Young of Polk county,
wanting to see witness; witness went to see Mr. Young. Young asked witness if
he (witness) was acquainted with one E.A. Lambert; witness said he was; Young
said that about 12 months ago he had lost by theft a fine mare and that he
found said mare in the possession of one Thunderbert in Meriwether county and
Thunderbert got the said mare from E.A. Lambert. Young wanted Lambert to
assist him to seize the said Lambert, which witness had agreed to do for a
certain consideration. Witness was to find out exact time Lambert would be at
witnesses house. Told Mr. Young that Lambert would probably be at witness's
house on Thursday night, the 18th. Witness had asked Lambert if he had not
(naming him) sold a mare to one Thunderbert of Meriwether county; deceased said
he did; witness asked Lambert where he got said mare; Lambert said from a man
in Polk county and referred to Mr. Young. Witness supposed he had reference to
Mr. James Young.
Witness had known deceased from boyhood; he was a quarter Indian; supposed him
to be about 27 years old. About one mile from witness's house to branch where
shooting occurred. Was no person at witness's house that morning, Friday,
except witness, family and Mr. Chisolm who works with witness. Witness left
home in company with wife, daughter, little son and deceased after breakfast,
about 8 o'clock, and was about half hour from that time till heard firing of
guns. Signed, W.H. Galamore.
Fifth witness, B.F. Summerville. Saw places near road where three men had been
concealed and three tracks in toad, one track, a fine boot or shoe, about 12
inches long, one 10 inches and one 10 2/4, supposed to be deceased;
corroborates preceding witness.
By Drs. Biggers and Phillips of Draketown; two balls were found, one cartridge
ball, entering left side, passing through right and left lobe liver; the other,
a small buckshot, found in right arm.
The jury gave a verdict to the effect that E.A. Lambert came to his death by
gun and pistol shot wounds, in the hands of parties unknown to them.
The dead body was, by the citizens, decently interred at Piney Woods church.
HIs effects, notes, land deeds, day books, pocket knife, etc., face value of
which amounts to one or two hundred dollars, was carefully itemized and turned
over to Mr. Alford Galamore, county coroner.
It is supposed that the deceased had two wives; one in Pickens and one in Heard
county, with two children by the one and four by the other. But it that all be
true and the man was a bad character, it did not justify the dark deliberate
murder, and it is hoped that the tracks of the parties will be uncovered and
the guilty parties brought to justice, and it ever done, it will show one of
the darkest murders of the times. April 20, 1878.
NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN THE LAMBERT MURDER
We understand that Gallamore who was bound over in the Lambert murder case in
Haralson county has recently made a confession, in which he has implicated two
other parties besides the three bound over. The names of those parties are
James Rowe and J.W. Nunn, and both were arrested last week, the former in Rome
and the latter in Polk county. Rowe, we believe, lives in Haralson county and
Nunn in Polk. Nunn, since his arrest, has also made a confession, which
According to the confession, one of the Chisolm's and Rowe did the shooting.
When they first shot Lambert they did not kill him and Chisolm ran after him
for the purpose of cutting his throat, but as Lambert was out running him, he
shot him again. Rowe and Nunn were carried to Buchanan last week to stand
their committal trial.
The Chisolms who were confined in the jail at Cedartown have recently been
removed to Atlanta as rumors were afloat of a conspiracy to burn up the town in
order to secure their rescue.
The Carroll County Times, April 12, 1878
NEWSPAPER Issue of Friday, JUNE 28, 1878
CUTTING AT TALLAPOOSA
A cutting scrape, we learn, occurred at Tallapoosa, Haralson county, one day
last week which may result seriously to one of the parties engaged. It seems
that an old feud existed betwen King McBride and a Mr. Stidham. The latter
being in Tallapoosa, the old matter was brought up from warm words; the parties
soon got to fighting in which knives were used pretty freely. McBride received
three cuts and Stidham some five or six before they were separated. Some of
the wounds of Stidham are considered quite serious and it is thought may result
McBride was in our town last Monday in attendance upon the U.S. commissioner's
court as a witness when deputy sheriff Hunt arrived here for the purpose of
arresting him, owing to the serious condition of Stidham.
We heave heard that Stidham says that he did not cut McBride as he had no
knife. That McBride was cut, and that pretty badly, there can be no doubt, as
he showed the wounds to several parties while here.
J. F. Napier, formerly of Carrollton, has we
learn, a fine school at Tallapoosa, Haralson County. "Nap" is winning quite
a reputation in that county as a teacher, and we are glad to know of his success.
Carroll County Times - August 3, 1877 Transcribed by: C.Gravelle,
MURDER IN HARALSON
We learn that last Sunday morning, a horrible and unprovoked murder occurred in
Haralson county on the Goldin settlement, some five or six miles this side of
Buchanan. The circumstances as we get them are these:
It seems that a young man by the name of Goldin had been paying some attention
to the daughter of a man by the name of Pierce. His suit was not encouraged by
Pierce and they had some words about the same one day last week at which time
it is stated that Pierce threatened to shoot Goldin. However the latter got
away without difficulty at that time, but on last Sunday, he armed himself and
went to Pierce's house where he shot Pierce down at his own gate, killing him
immediately. Goldin made no effort to escape but we did not learn positively
whether he had been arrested or not.
Since the above was put in type, we have received communication from a
gentleman in the upper part of this county giving the following additional
facts in relation to this outrageous murder.
Yesterday near Corinth church, 8 miles above here, a Mr. Wash Goldin shot and
instantly killed Mr. Pierce, a much respected citizen of Haralson county. He
shot him at Pierce's own gate. The murder has been arrested. There was no
one at Pierces' but himself, the rest of the family having gone to church close
by. Mr. Pierce leaves a son and two daughters to mourn his loss. From all
accounts it was a most brutal murder. Mr. Pierce was shot through the heart and
then again through the lungs. Either shot, in the opinion of the coroner's
jury, would have instantly proved fatal. When found, Mr. Pierce had part of
an apple in his hand, and a small piece in his mouth, proving that the shot was
unexpected.THE HARALSON TRAGEDY; Full Particulars of the Difficulty, the Killing
Pierce and Committal trial of Golden
Carroll County Times, Friday, August 10, 1877
Editor of Times; Your last issue contained a short account of the difficulty
between Mr. Pierce and Wash Golden of Haralson which resulted in the killing of
the former by the latter. As I was in Buchanan during the preliminary trial of
Golden on Thursday, I am prepared to give your readers the particulars of the
difficulty as was developed in Golden's commitment trial.
It appears that Golden had been visiting Pierce's daughter for some time when a
young gentleman by the name of Robinson also began calling upon Miss Pierce,
which appeared to meet more with the approbation of Mr. Pierce, than did the
visits of Golden. This, it is supposed, cramped and offended Golden, and about
two weeks ago on Sunday evening, they both (Robinson and Golden) met at the
house of Mr. Pierce, each for the purpose of spending the evening with Miss
Pierce. Robinson, it seems, rather got ahead of Golden and left him no
alternative but to leave the premises.
About dark, Golden went out, and as Pierce's folks supposed, went home.
Robinson stayed all night. His horse was in the stable and the next morning,
the horse's mane had been sheared off close to its neck and his tail bobbed off
close to the tail bone, and the hair all along the tail bone was cut and
scalloped in the shape of a screw pie. Mr. Pierce at once suspicioned and
charged Golden wit h the shearing of the horse, which Golden heard of and
denied. Mr. Pierce said that no honest man would do such a thing, and he
believed that Golden was guilty, and if he knew it, he would be __ if he didn't
Thus the matter went on until Tuesday, July 24th, when Mr. Pierce heard his
dogs barking out in the field, a short distance from the house, and supposing
that they were barking at a snake, he seized a hoe and ran down to where the
dogs were to kill the snake, as he supposed were there. When he got out in the
field he saw young Golden and another man by the name of Sanford with their
guns on their shoulders as if hunting, coming towards him. He waited till they
came up, when a pretty sharp conversation was entered into, by Pierce and
Golden, about the shearing of Robinson's horse's tail. Mr. Pierce charged
Golden with it. But the conversation was continued for some time when Pierce
raised the hoe he had in his hand and told Golden, " G---D-- you, I intend to
kill you." Whereupon Golden took to his heels and ran out of Pierce's reach,
then stopped, turned around and told Pierce that if he would let him, he would
come back and explain all about the tail shearing.
Pierced answered and told him to lay down his guns and come back, which Golden
did. In a few minutes, both parties were quarreling in good earnest and Piece
turned about and ran into the house and got his gun and came out swearing he
would kill Golden, who had also got his gun off the ground. Pierce's daughter
came out with her father, holding to him and begging him not to have a
difficulty about the matter. But Pierce pushed up, dragging his daughter with
him, until they reached the place where Golden stood, when Miss Pierce told
Golden to leave the place, that she did not want him and her father to fight.
Golden then left, and Pierce returned with his daughter to the house. Thus
ended Tuesday the difficulty. Golden went home and told his father's family
that the matter between himself and Mr. PIerce was amicably and peacefully
settled, which was sworn to by the Goldens in the trial, but the statement was
afterwards contradicted in his own account of the killing.
Golden says that on Sunday morning, the 29th of July, he had started to meeting
at Corinth church and as he was passing Pierces' he was halted by the old man
who came riding out on his horse out of the woods, and who told him to hold on,
that he wanted to converse with him. Golden stopped and then walked back to
the gate. Mr. P. rode on across the road to his stable and put up his horse
and then returned to the gate where Mr. Golden was waiting. Mr. Pierce came up
to Golden and said "Wash, I want to know what sort of tales those are, that you
have been peddling about me?" Golden asked "What tales". "Oh , said Pierce,
you known d ----d well what I mean" and then explained about the tales. Golden
answered that he could satisfy him thoroughly about them. "Well" says
Pierce, "you don't explain about the horse tail scrape and G--d ---m you I
intend to kill you", wherepon he turned and walked into the house and got his
gun and came out with the gun cocked and in shooting position walked about half
way to the gate, when Golden shot at him, missing him the first shot, but the
second and third taking effect in his heart and lungs, which brought him to the
ground a dead man. None of Mr. Pierce's family were at home and no mortal eye
saw the bloody deed, save Washington Golden. In about one hour, Golden went up
to the church and told the people that he had killed old man Pierce, that he,
Pierce had attempted to kill him, and was only prevented by his shooting him
through the heart with a pistol ball.
A warrant was sworn out for Golden and the Sheriff went immediately that
evening to make the arrest, which was effected without much difficulty. He was
carried to Buchanan and placed under guard, there being no jail sufficient to
hold him at that place.
The preliminary trial was begun on Tuesday morning and lasted till Thursday
noon. It was developed in the evidence that this difficulty between Pierce and
Golden on Tuesday did not amount to a settlement of the matter about the
shearing of the horse's tail. It was proved by the man Sanford and Miss
Pierce, that they separated in a row.
A Mr. Underwood swore that he passed Mr. Pierce's on Sunday on his way to
church and did not see any one at Pierce's until after he had passed the gate;
there he saw Washington Golden come out of the woods just ahead of him and walk
a few steps toward the church, then stopped and sat down on a pine stump by the
side of the road, and pull off his boot. Mr. Underwood rode up and asked him
if he was going to church and Golden answered that he didn't know, that his
boot hurt his foot so bad he could not walk. Mr. U. rode on and left him.
About this time Mr. Pierce rode out of the woods on his horse which had on a
bell but no bridle and he saw Golden raise his hat as if saluting Mr. PIerce
but heard not a word spoken. Mr. P. rode on across the road toward the
stable. Just there Mr. U. came to a crook in the road which put him out of
sight of the house, but when he had traveled some one hundred and fifty yards
he again came in sight of the house and looking back, he saw Washington Golden
standing at Pierce's gate, with his face turned away from the church. This was
the last sight of him. The account of the killing is Golden's entirely and
which I have already written.
Circumstantial and Presumptive Evidence
1. When the report of the pistol was heard at the church, which was not far
off, Golden's brothers, without a word, got up and went directly to the Pierce
house and remained there until the coroner and his jury arrived.
2. Mr. Pierce, at the time he was killed, was evidently eating apples as there
was a piece in his mouth and the greater part of another apple lying close by,
with some bites off it.
3. He was lying on his face with his gun, an army gun, lying beside him,
cocked, and while Mr. Pierce himself was very bloody, there was not a drop of
blood to be found on the gun.
4. Mr. Pierce's clothes were powder burnt around every ball hole and a test
made with the same pistol developed the fact that the cloth would not scorch
from the heat of the burning power ignited in the pistol over the distance of
This is the principal part of the evidence in the case with Golden's story and
the court which was composed of the following justices, Farmer, Weatherby,
Davis and McBreer, decided to commit him to jail in Cedartown to await trial
before the Superior Court in September.
Golden was represented in the preliminary trial by Hon. Walker Brock and Mr.
McBride; the prosecutor by Squire George Gentry and Squire Galamour.
Washington Golden is nineteen years old; Mr. Pierce, 50. Both have always
been well respected. Mr. Pierce was given to drinking sometimes and was
exceedingly profane, otherwise he was regarded as a quiet, inoffensive
citizen. It is said that he was a man of fine sense and great muscle. There
were but few men of his age that were his equal in strength. Golden was looked
upon as a young man of great promise. Possessing plenty of sense, health and
ability and it was expected that he would do much better than he did. Your,
NEWSPAPER Issue of Friday, AUGUST 17, 1877
Reports say that the young Mr. Robinson that got his horse's tail sheared at
Mr. Lee Pierce's in Haralson county about which Mr. P. was killed recently, has
married Miss Pierce.
The Carroll County Times, April 21, 1876. A
SAD ACCIDENT. On yesterday evening, the 19th instant, Mr. William Windham,
Jr., of Haralson county, accidentally shot himself. It appears that Mr.
Windham had been out hunting on that day with his double barrel shot gun loaded
with buckshot, and shortly after arriving at home, the dogs got to fighting in
the yard, and he interposed with the butt end of his gun in order to part them
when one of the barrells discharged depositing twelve buckshot in his side, which
resulted in his death in three or four hours from the time the accident happened.
Mr. Windham was a meritorious young man, and belonged to a
good family, and left many warm friends to deplore his untimely end.
The Carroll County Times, March 31, 1876... ARBITRATION
The case between Mr. J. J. Summerlin of Haralson county and Mr. C. Whittle living
near here, in reference to a place bought by the latter from the
former, was arbitrated on last Saturday by Mr. Eli Benson, Dr. Fitts, and Mr.
Mandeville. The decision of the arbitrators was that Mr. Summerlin should
pay Mr. Whittle $240 at the end of the year, when Mr. W. should surrender the
place to Mr. S. This decision was rendered in view of the fact that
Mr. Whittle had originally paid Mr. Summerlin $680 purchase money and also
claimed that he had put $600 worth of improvements on the place.
As an offset to this he gets the place three years and the $240 dollars above
We understand that the decision of the arbitrators was
satisfactory to both parties.
The Carroll County Times, March 24, 1876....Probable Arrest of
Cicero Goggins. We learned from a gentleman from Buchanan that a letter
has been received by the Sheriff of Haralson county from Nashville, Tennessee,
giving a description of a party arrested there, which exactly corresponds to the
description of Cicero Giggins who murdered not long since, Dick Taliaferro, an
ex-sheriff of that county.
The Carroll County Times - January 21, 1876
We learn from gentlemen from the upper part of this county, that ex-sheriff
Taliaferro of Haralson County who was shot, and it was thought mortally wounded
not long ago, is recovering.
The Carroll County Times, November 7, 1873. TALLAPOOSA MUSICAL CONVENTION - From the proceedings
of the Tallapoosa Musical Convention, furnished us by the Secretary, we learn
that the Convention met at Cherry Grover, Cleburn county, on the 18th September,
and remained in session four days. The officers of the Convention
were, E. F. Davidson, President, Oak Level Alabama; S. W. Brown, Vice, Buchanan,
and J. M. Harris, Secretary, Cedartown.
The Convention was largely attended by the lovers of vocal
music, and the time was pleasantly spent in singing. Many new members were
to the Convention.
The next meeting of the Convention will be held at Bethleham
Church, Haralson County, Georgia on Thursday before the 2nd Sabbath in August,
The Carroll County Times, Friday, July 4, 1873
Personal.---We had the pleasure of seeing in our town on last Tuesday,
Judge David Bowling the efficient Ordinary of
Judge B. is an old citizen of Carroll, one of the original panel of Carrollites
we believe, and is well known as a fine business man. We congratulate the
citizens of Haralson County at having so good an officer, at the head of her
The Carroll County Times, June 27, 1873
HARALSON COUNTY MURDERS ARRESTED.
Captain Dick Talliaferro, recently elected sheriff of Haralson county, on
last Sunday brought to Rome for safe keeping, Joseph and Osborne Addison, charged
with the murder of Thompson Rowel, on the 25th of December last. The
Addisons have been in the vicinity of Haralson county for some time, being
strongly armed and threatening to kill whoever should attempt to arrest them But
Captain Dick Talliaferro is not a man to be deterred by threats from the
discharge of his official duty, and when then warrant was put into his hands, he
took the necessary assistants, and arrested these parties. They are now in
the jail of this city. (Rome Courier)
The Carroll County Times, June 13, 1873.
A Foul and Atrocious Murder... We
failed to say anything in our paper last week in regard to the horrible murder
that was committed on the 31st ultimo, in this county, near Draketown, a little
village in Haralson, from the fact that we had no correct information upon the
subject and as there were various
reports in circulation as to the parties concerned in this foul and atrocious
deed. This is the mail reason, that we have postponed until the present, a
recital of the circumstances, connected with this _____and almost unparalleled
The following are the facts in the case which we get from
Some three years ago, a difficulty occurred in this county
(Haralson) between one Andrew Brown and Crayton Hicks, in which Brown was
the successful combatant, having inflicted a severe wound upon the head of his
antagonist during the melee. After this, the difficulty and unpleasantness,
growning out of the fight, between the parties was amicably adjusted, and
reconciliation seemed to have taken place. However on Saturday, the 31st of
last month (May) these two men met in Drake Town, and late in the evening, Hicks
rode up to Brown and asked him if he was ready to leave the place, to which
enquiry he responded in the affirmative, and in a short time, in company with
three other men, all related to the said Crayton Hicks, departed for their
respective homes. When they arrived at the forks in the road where Hicks
and his friends turned off, Hicks observed to Brown in a very abrupt and
insulting manner, that this was the place where he had struck him with a stick
upon a certain occasion, and he would like for him to try it again. Brown
remonstrated with him by saying that old matter had been settled long ago, and he
was opposed to having any further difficult abut it, whereupon, according to
Hicks own confession, he let in upon the victim and literally cut him to pieces,
inflicting upon his person, no less than forty odd wounds, any one of twenty
seven of which would have proved fatal. Hicks fled to Alabama, where he was
arrested in a few day after the commission of the crime....brought back to
Carroll county, tried and committed to jail for save keeping to await his doom at
the October term of our Superior Court.
It is hoped if he had any accomplices in this wicked and cruel
murder, that future developments may bring to light the evidences of their guilt,
and that a speedy and just retribution may follow and pay the extreme penalty of
law in such cases.
We are informed that Mr. Brown was a peaceable, quite
inoffensive citizen, beloved by a large scope of friends and acquaintances who
mourn their irreparable loss, and that he leaves a kind and devoted wife, with an
infant at her breast. Oh! when will the violated, outraged law be appeased
and foul murder cease to stalk abroad in the land?
The Newnan Herald Newspaper, about June 23, 1873
The Jail - Hearing that Crayton Hicks, confined in jail on the charge of
murdering Thomas Brown, in Carroll County, Saturday, May 31st, an account of
which we published in our last issue, had made a full free and unreserved
confession, on Tuesday we went to the jail, in company with P. F. Smith and
Sheriff Hackney, to learn whether the report was true, and if so give our readers
a correct version thereof.
The prisoner is a young man of 21 or 22 years of age, and save
its sadness, his countenance presented a pleasing appearance. We soon made known
our business, when he informed us that the rumor was partly false, although his
fellow prisoners said he had criminated himself. We did not urge him
to confess, and only asked him general questions, answers to which wouldn't hurt
him in any event. We learned, however, that he had the same old tale to
tell, "was drunk when he did it". What a warning to young men .
Failing in our object, we spent a few moments in conversing
with the other prisoners and examining their cells. In one room are
confined Charles Albright, charged with the murder of John W. Wood; Coleman,
charged with robbery; and Crayton Hicks, charged with the murder of Tom Brown.
Albright and Coleman were lively and hearty laughter, while Hicks was dejected.
All of these prisoners were sent her from Carroll Co. Newnan Herald
(Note by transcriber: Carroll county was in the process of building a new jail)
The Carroll County Times, May 30, 1873.... Arrested. A
squad of some seven or eight Federal Soldiers passed through here (Carrollton) on
last Monday morning with two white men and a negro under arrest for illicit
distilling. The parties were captured near Tallapoosa in Haralson County.
The names of the white men were Bently and New.
The Carroll County Times, May 30, 1873......The
Hon. B. M. Long and Squire Westbrooks have been on a three days trip to
Haralson County during the past week. Squire Westbrooks is an old citizen
of Haralson, and took Mr. Long up there to show him some of the fine lands of
that county. Mr. L. confesses to have been somewhat surprised at the amount
of fine land there was to be seen in Haralson, and thinks that county can boast
of some of the snuggest farms in the State. They report wheat crop as looking
finely, having improved much in appearance in the last few weeks. They
noticed some wheat turning.
The Carroll County Times, March 28, 1873...HARALSON
SUPERIOR COURT...Through the courtesy of our young fried, Mr. R. A. Thrower,
who furnished us transportation, we paid a hasty visit, the first of the week to
Buchanan, the county site of Haralson County, where the Superior Court is being
On our arrival at Buchanan, we found quite a respectable
gathering of the people. Haralson county being in the Rome Judicial
Harvey of Rome, was presiding, with ----Clements the newly appointed solicitor
General of the Circuit at his post. Judge Harvey we soon learned, by his
courteous, dignified and gentlemanly bearing, while on the bench, has won the
In addition to our local bar, the most of whom were in
attendance, we noticed Major Blance, Captain Dodd, I. R. Thomson Esq. and
from Polk County; Col Forsyth from Rome, and the Haralson county bar in the
persons of Hon. W. D. Head and Hon. Walter Brock.
We left on Tuesday evening we did not learn the result of the
trial of the murder cases, which were to be taken up on Wednesday. Much
interested was manifested in these trials, and it was expected that the largest
crowd of the week would be present on that day. It was thought when we
left, that court would hold the entire week.
Buchanan, notwithstanding many reports which we had heard to
the contrary, we found to be a quiet and well behaved little village. We
neither saw nor heard of any disturbance while there
The Carroll County Times, November 29, 1872
Homicide in Haralson County - A man by the name of Robinshaw was killed in
Haralson county last Saturday night by his brother-in-law Moore. The
difficulty grew out of private affairs. Moore voluntarily surrendered to
the officers of justice, and is now in jail at Buchanan - Rome Courier
The Carroll County Times, May 1872
See application for divorce of Elizabeth Golden vs. Henry Golden, from Haralson
May 24, 1872 - ELIZABETH GOLDEN VS HENRY GOLDEN.
Liable for Divorce in Haralson Superior Court, March Term 1872. It
appearing to the Court by the return of the Sheriff, that the Defendant does not
reside in the County, and it further appearing that he does not reside in this
State. It is therefore ordered by the Court that service be perfected upon
the defendant by publication in a public gazette of this State once a month for
four months, that said defendant appear and answer at the next term of this
Court, or that the case be considered in default, and the plaintiff be allowed to
proceed. R. D. HARVEY, Judge S.C. R. C., J. S. Mcelwreath, Atty. for
Libelant. A true extract from the minutes of the Court this March 27th
1872. Green B. Jenkins, C. S. C., May 10, 1872-4m
The Carroll County Times, Sept. 20, 1872
ADMINISTRATOR'S SALE...By virtue of an order of the Court of Ordinary of Carroll
county will be sold before the Court House door in Haralson county at Buchanan,
on the first Tuesday in November next, within the legal hours of Sale, the
following property to-wit; The east half of Lot No. 9, in the original 8th
District of Carroll now Haralson county. The creek running North and South
being the dividing line of said lot. Sold as the property of William O'neal
late of said county deceased, and for the benefit of the heirs and creditors of
said deceased. Terms Cash. J. B. WILLIAMSON, Adm'r with the will
The Carroll County Times, Sept. 27, 1872
The Rome Courier of Tuesday says; " We hear a painful rumor from Haralson county
to the effect that John K. Holcomb, a good citizen
of that county, was called out of his house one night last week by a disguised
party of men and shot. Mr. Holcomb was a Democrat, and his murder is
attributable to the Radical wretches, who have so long tyranized over that
county. His body was found next morning about a mile from his house."
Columbus Enquirer of 10 Sept. 1872. It was also
in a Rome paper but I did not see that article.
HOMICIDE IN BUCHANAN
Mr. Thomas Killgore was killed at Buchanan, Haralson Co., on the 27th
inst., by Mr. A.D. Wood, Ordinary of the county. The following are the
particulars given to us: There had been some previous difficulty between
Killgore and Wood. On last Monday while Killgore was out talking to Col.
Jeff Head, Wood and his son-in-law Gentry, went with double barrel shot guns
and sat on steps of Killgore's grocery. As Killgore was retuning with Col.
Head, Gentry snapped his gun at him, and as Killgore was lowering his own
gun, Wood shot, bringing him to his knees, and before he could rise, Wood
shot again, both shots taking effect in the head and heart. He died in
about three hours. Wood and Gentry were arrested and are now in
Joyce (Kilgore) Stimson (email@example.com)
The Carroll County Times, April 4, 1873
HARALSON SUPERIOR COURT. Most of the week was occupied in the trial of the
case of the State vs. A. D. Woods, who was indicted for the murder of Thomas Kilgore, on the 26th of August.
A deep interest was manifested in the trial and people from
all parts of the country came to witness it.
There was considerable difficulty in getting a jury, there
being but about 400 names in the jury box, and at least four fifths of those who
were summoned either disqualified themselves, or were objected to by the State or
the defendant. The State was represented by the Solicitor General, Judge
Head, Ivy Thomson and Captain Dodd, while the counsel for the defense were Walker
Brock, Major Blance, W. W. & G. W. Merrell, and Col. C. D. Forsyth.
The evidence disclosed facts in substance as follows:
There had been a misunderstanding between the parties and a few days before the
killing, Woods was out hunting his cows, when deceased came up behind him in the
road. Deceased had been seen around Woods house two nights before, with his
gun, and Woods stepped to one side and ordered deceased to take the road around
before him, that he would allow no man to walk behind him who had been prowling
around his house. Deceased refused, and Woods compelled him to do so, "telling
him he would shoot him if he didn't." After this circumstance deceased
publicly proclaimed his intention to kill Woods, whenever he "marked the square"
or "com on the hill".
He repeated his threats each day, and on Sunday at church told several parties
that he was going to kill old Woods soon next morning, or be killed himself.
"Some body had to die," and invited parties to come and see him do it, said
he had arranged all his business for the purpose. These threats were
brought home to Woods a few minutes before deceased came in. Deceased
appeared on the Square, armed with a shotgun, and Woods killed him.
Four days were consumed in the trial. The jury after an
absence of only a "few minutes returned a verdict of not guilty." Of course
I have not given a minute detail of the testimony, but such as I have given are
the leading points in the case.
The people of Haralson seem to be at peace with each other
once more, and let us hope that the days of cow-hinds, buck-shot, bloodshed, and
anarchy will dawn upon them no more. (signed Spectator)
The Atlanta Constitution, Atlanta Georgia, April 1892
'RICHARD BYRNE'. Three Men are arrested for his Murder. ONE
DETECTIVE ACCUSES ANOTHER.
A Curious State of Affairs Developed by the Investigation Into the Horrible
Buchanan, Ga., April 12, 1892 - (Special) - Ben Mann, who was arrested
and placed in jail Saturday afternoon, charged with killing
Richard Byrne, a foot peddler, who was found dead in Tallapoosa river
several days ago, had his preliminary trial here today,
before Justice Barrett. He was bound over to the superior court.
Nothing except circumstantial evidence was produced against Mann. Judge
Barrett, in rendering his decision, said it was a very
weak case, but that there was some evidence which, under the law, compelled him
to bind Mann over. The matter has not ended yet?
Gentry is Arrested.
This morning about 8 o'clock Asbury Gentry was arrested by Sheriff Johnson
and Deputy Bullard, on a warrant sworn out by
Detective Tripp charging him with the murder of Richard Byrne. Gentry was
carried before Justice Barrett this afternoon. On motion
of the prosecution trial was put off until Friday Morning. Gentry was then
carried to jail.
The Complement Returned.
Only a few moments after Gentry was placed in jail, Detective Tripp was
arrested, charged with the murder of Richard Burne, on a
warrant sworn out by W. G. Gentry. His trial was fixed for Friday, the
15th, and he also was placed in jail. The arrest of Gentry and Tripp
caused great excitement here, on account of the prominence of both parties.
Asbury Gentry is son of G. W. Gentry, county surveyor,
and one of the best citizens of Haralson county.
The Cause of the Trouble.
Tripp is a detective who has been working up a horse stealing case.
This is the third time Tripp has sworn out a warrant for Gentry.
The first time he charged him with horse stealing, but failed to bring up any
evidence. In this case Gentry came out clear. The
second warrant charged him with shooting at Tripp and Johnson Head. In
this case he goes over to the superior court on $300
bond, and today he swore out another warrant as stated above. It is not
known what evidence there is against either Gentry or Tripp.
The Atlanta Constitution, Monday, January 2, 1893
SIX ESCAPE JAIL
Asbury Gentry, Convicted of Murder,
With Five Others,
OVERPOWER THE JAILERS AND WALK,
Empty-Handed, without a Weapon
Except Their Strength,
THEY TAKE THE KEYS FROM THE ARMED
Unlock the Doors of the Jail, and
Run Off into the Dark - A Big
Escape Last Night.
The biggest, boldest, nerviest, and
most daring jail escape planned or executed in this city was made from the Fulton
County Jail last
night at (unreadable) :45 o'clock.
While two burly negroes held the jailers, Asbury Gentry,
convicted of Murder; Henry Miller, convicted of counterfeiting, and four negroes,
Dan McCullough, Guy Body, John Whitfield and Charley Prince walked out of the
door, locked it after them and ran off into the murky darkness.
One negro wrested the keys from Assistant Jailer White and
while two others held him and Jailer Mattox, unlocked the doors and all rushed
It was but the work of a moment.
Hardly a word was spoken.
Before the surprised jailers had time to recover from their
astonishment, the bold prisoners were out and away.
Five minutes later a dozen policemen were on the spot.
They could but stand and hold their hands in helplessness,
utter and complete, and admire the reckless daring of the men who had just
walked from prison to liberty.
The jailers had not yet recovered from their shock of surprise
and told of the delivery in but broken sentences.
The grave nature of the charges against the escapes made their
going away one of the most serious jail deliveries ever known in the history
of this state.
Asbury Gentry, convicted and sentenced to be hung for murder
in one of the most sensational cases ever on the criminal records of the
state, and noted for his daring, bravery and courage, had gone.
The public who had kept up with this sensational case would
be, indeed, taken by surprise at the news of his last and most brilliant
achievement in a life made famous for deeds of daring.
He was a bold, nervy man, afraid of nothing living, and little
else besides his whole career was proof. This last act, a masterpiece, was
but in keeping with his life of great deeds of risk and sheer courage.
Then there was Miller, reputed to be bold and daring, afraid
of nothing. He is gone.
Natural enough, people who came rushing excitedly to the jail
to ask bout the delivery, first inquired if Gentry and Miller were gone.
Those who knew them knew that no man in prison would be quicker to execute a
daring plan of escape.
Without a single weapon, but brute strength, and against
fearful odds, those men had gathered the jailers, who were armed with pistols,
overpowered them, unlocked the doors and run into the streets beneath the glare
of the electric lights.
While the jailers told the squad of policemen of it, not yet
five hundred yards away the fugitives were running into security and liberty.
Running past crowds of people hurrying home from church, and past policemen on
their beats, running out of the range of pursuers, running into hiding.
Which way the men had gone could not be told, and pursuit was
baffled at the very outset.
They were gone. They had done it boldly. They were
making liberty. That was the extent of the jailers knowledge.
The police could do nothing. Which way should they go?
There was no particular direction that the prisoners would have been likely to
take than another. To go to the west or east might be to go directly away
from the fugitives.
Porter Stocks stood in the door of the jail, and might now be
at liberty had he but chosen to have walked out. He leaped out of bed to
assist the jailers, but the big prisoners rushed past him, and ran out. He
stood between the jailers and liberty but made no move to go.
He gave the alarm, and a moment after the prisoners had gone
out and left the jailers locked inside the inner walls of the prison, a
government prisoner unlocked the door.
Stocks was more surprised than the jailers, seemingly.
But a few minutes before, Gentry and Miller had been in his
cell. He had just pulled the door of his cell shut, and laid down upon his
He heard the noise of shuffling feet, and sounds of struggles
at the door. He jerked the grated door open in a trice and was in the
The men were rushing past the door as he came out. He
took it in in an instant and tried to catch hold of the hindmost prisoner.
The man was too quick for him and was out the next instant.
In less than a minute and a half's time, the whole thing was
One minute, the prisoners were secure within the strong walls
of the jail. The next they were free upon the open streets, free to go
where they chose.
It was done so quickly, so coolly, so silently, so suddenly,
so entirely without warning, that the jailers could hardly realize what had
Hardly a word was spoken. One of the negroes who held
the jailer said gently: "I won't hurt you."
How They Did it. Sundays are always quiet at the
jail, and yesterday was exceptionally so. The prisoners spent the day
lounging in the corridors, gossiping away the hours. In the afternoon the usual
Sabbath service was held. It was held almost opposite the door of cell No.
11, in which Gentry and Miller were confined.
Cell No. 11 is on the first floor of the jail, on the left
side of the hallway. It is thirty feet from the main entrance to the inner
jail. Three cells separate it from the cell occupied by Porter Stocks.
Stocks occupies the cell nearest the door which opens upon the jail entrance.
Miller and Gentry occupy cell No. 11 together. At nights
it seems that they have been allowed the privilege of exercising in the hallway.
This privilege is enjoyed by all of the prisoners during the day. Miller
and Gentry are included in the list of those who are allowed the freedom of the
hallway. At night it is their custom to walk back and forth through the
corridor after the other prisoners have been locked in. (torn) the exercise
of due care and caution, there would be no risk in allowing these prisoners in
the hallway. Two doors, heavily barred and fastened, stand between them and
liberty. The outer door, which open from the street into the jail
office is the heaviest of iron, and is always securely locked. A still
heavier and still more securely fastened door separates the jail office from the
prison where the prisoners are confined. The entrance to this inner door is
confined in an iron cage, and this cage is secured by a door. The cell
occupied by Porter Stocks opens into this cage and is separated by it from the
hallway of the prison. Entrance to the hallway from Stocks's cell is made
easy through the door of the cage which is fastened by means of sliding rod,
which can be operated either from within or without.
It was inside this cage, and in front of Porter Stocks's cell
that the two jailers were standing when they were attacked by the prisoners.
The inner door was open behind them. They had opened the cage door to get
into the hallway where the prisoners stood waiting to scape.
Only the two jailers and the outer jail door stood between
them and liberty. The keys to that outer door were in the hands of the
jailers. The jailers were off their guard. They were not even
thinking of an attempt at escape.
Quick as thought a burly negro caught Mattox,
the smaller of the two jailers and hurled him through the cage door into the
hallway six feet away as if he had been a child. Another grabbed White and
held him fast. White held the keys and the negro who caught hold of him had
them from him in a moment
Gentry and Miller stood just inside the hallway making no
move. As soon as the negro secured the keys they rushed up and out the
doorway into the jail office.
Some one of them carried the keys, the jailers do not know
who. While the two negroes still held the jailers, the outer doorway was
unlocked, and the men walked into liberty. The men who held the jailers
turned them loose when the door was open, and followed the others. They
locked the inner door of the jail and left the jailers prisoners within the walls
of the jail.
Porter Stocks and the two jailers were the only persons who
witnessed the escape. No one else was inside the hallway. The
prisoners were inside their cells sleeping.
The jail office, through which the six men had passed in
escaping was deserted and there was no one to liberate the jailers.
They cried out loudly for assistance and their cries were
heard by two revenue prisoners, Dodson and Swayne, who were in the cookroom
They came rushing up and took in the situation at a glance. The door was
open and they could have joined the escapes had they wished, but they made no
attempt to do so, although Dodson had been sentenced to thirteen months in the
Columbus, O., penitentiary.
They unlocked the jail door and let the jailers out. A
telephone message was sent to police headquarters and in five minutes after the
prisoners had gone Captain Thompson was at the jail with a dozen men.
Hastily the jailers told them of what had happened and Captain Thompson sent at
once to Keeper Donaldson of the county chain gang for his dogs. The dogs
were not sent.
Sheriff Morrow and Deputy Sheriff Barnes were notified of the
escape and they took measures to capture the fugitives.
Telegrams were sent to places where it was thought likely they
might go. The idea of trailing the fugitives with bloodhounds was abandoned
as hopeless. The policemen on duty were notified of the escapes and
instructed to look out for them.
The escape seems to have been planned and executed with the
greatest coolness and deliberation. It was done so quietly that not a dozen
prisoners in the jail were awakened by it. They were sleeping within a few
feet of it, and will know nothing of it until this morning
Some one seems to be at fault in allowing the prisoners to be
in the hallway at the hour of night at which the escape was made, and the
carelessness which left the doors open that confined a half dozen desperate
prisoners, seems to have been extreme. As it happened, the prisoners had
not the slightest trouble in escaping, but the risk was great, as both the
jailers where warmed and the chances of being shot were great. But not a
shot was fired, and the men walked through the barred doors as easily and as
freely as they could walk along the streets.
Everything points to the escape as the consummation of a long
laid plot. It is believed that they have been watching for a favorable
opportunity of escape. They could not possibly have selected a better one
than last night. No one was about, and the usual Sunday quiet reigned.
Usually during week nights, Steve Ryan sits for a few hours in the jail office.
Sunday nights his friends call on him as was the cast last night. No one
was with the jailers when 9 O'clock to lock prisoners in. The six prisoners
who escaped were waiting at the inside door for them to come in. The
instant they came in they were seized, and the manner and quickness of it leaves
no room for doubt that it was premeditated.
Gentry and Miller went into Porter Stocks's cell about 8
o'clock, and Gentry entertained them with stories of his adventures in Texas.
He spent some months in Texas and he told interesting stories of what had
happened to him in the Lone Star state. Finally Miller grew tired of the
stories and said: "Ah, give us a rest with your yarns; we've heard enough."
Miller then went out into the hallway and Gentry follows him.
Porter Stocks then went to bed. He said he noticed nothing unusual in the
manner of either Gentry or Miller. They did not appear at all excited.
The four negroes were in the hall talking. Gentry was dressed in his usual
jail attire. All the men had on their hats. Miller surprised his
fellow prisoners by taking a bath immediately after supper. No one about
the jail had heard of the planned escape.
Who the Escapes Are.
Asbury Gentry is the best known of the escaped prisoners.
The heinousness of the crime with which he was charged gave him a wild notoriety,
independent of the name he had won on account of his wild career. He was
accused of killing an old peddler named Richard Byrnes, in Harralson County and
throwing the body in the river. He was convicted on circumstantial evidence
and sentenced to be hung July 15th last. The day after he was sentenced he
was brought to Atlanta for safe keeping. The jail at Buchanan was not
thought strong enough to hold him, as it was known that he would attempt escape.
On the day he was brought here he tried to shoot his guard with a pistol he had
secured. He created a wild sensation at the train, and came within an inch
of killing a guard. He was placed under extra guard after being brought
here, but he soon won the good feeling of the jailers, and acted in an unusually
pacific manner for him. He had secured a new trial and his case was to have
been tried at the next superior court of Haralson Co.
Henry Miller was convicted of counterfeiting and given two
years sentence. He was to have been taken to the penitentiary in a few
days. He had threatened to kill the man who carried him to the pen.
The other four escapees were negroes. Dan McCullough was
under a ten year's sentence for assault with intent to murder. Charley
Prince had four years for highway robbery. Guy Body was awaiting trail for
burglary, and John Whitfield was to be tried for larceny.
(Note by transcriber, Liz Robertson. It is said that Asbury Gentry
"Moved to California and died there".)
The Atlanta Constitution, March 1893, Atlanta, Georgia
The Murder's Brother-in-Law called on the Sheriff Yesterday BUT FAILED TO GET THE
He was a very stubborn Visitor, and caused a Lot of Amusement- His Wife can Use a
A quiet, dreamy looking countryman entered the sheriff's office yesterday
There was a look of anxious concern about his face, which gave evidence of the
fact that he had come on a very important errand.
The sheriff, with his pen in hand, was busily writing at his desk. He
was too absorbed in his occupation to observe the entrance of
the strange. His mind, however, was soon diverted from the paper by the
interruption which he received.
"I'm looking for Mr. Barnes," said he in a loud voice, which was altogether
out of keeping with his measurement.
"That is my name," said the genial officer, looking up
from his work. "What can I do for you?"
"Well, I suppose you have heard of Asbury Gentry. I have come to get his
This intelligence created a ripple in the office and instantly
all ears were erected. There were two or three persons present in
addition to the officers, and they eyed the new comer with a devouring look.
"I have heard of Asbury Gentry," said the sheriff, rubbing his
brow with his hand in order to assist his recollection, though, strange to
say, I have not seen him recently."
The sally was lost on the vistor, who was too intent on his errand to be
enticed into smiling.
"The old man," said he, referring to Gentry's father, "has sent me to you for
his boy's clothes. He says they are doing no good up here, and
if there is no objection he would like to have them at home." "I have no
authority to give them up," said the sheriff kindly, but in a manner
which told the visitor that he was not to expect much satisfaction from that
quarter. "I think Mr. Gentry is a good old man, and I would like
to accommodate him, but I have no alternative under the law".
"Would an order from the ordinary do any good?"
"I think not" said the sheriff, " I am not accountable to the ordinary."
"Well, I suppose I will have to go back without the clothes. What must
I tell the old man?"
"Tell him I will take care of them. The time may come when they will be
"Gentry will never be caught," said one of the bystanders in the office, "and
the Sheriff will let you have the clothes while. "
"Yes, I think he will," said the stranger "I am his brother-in-law, and, by the
way, my name is Barry; they call me Bud for short. I know
Asbury, and he's too careless. If he was guilty now he would be more
guarded. But he never killed that peddler, and for that reason
he tends to be careless. My opinion is that Asbury will be caught."
He made a motion for the door, but happened to remember something, he turned
and said. "What must I tell the old man?" intent he
make the matter certain.
"Tell him I will look after the clothes, and that they are taken care of.
They don't fit me," continued the sheriff, "and I have no use for
them in the world as far as I am personally concerned."
"I'm not falling out with you for that. I'll tell the old man what you
say, and that you will look after the clothes. Is that right?"
The sheriff by this time was provoked...his visitor was a hard customer to
deal with and was disposed to manifest the symptoms
of a mule.
"That is what I said," returned the sheriff offended.
"If you ever come my way," renewed the impressible visitor, " you must call on
the old man. He will be glad to see you and will treat
you in great style. If you call on me be sure to come around the back way.
If my wife thinks you are after Asbury she will shoot you
down in your tracks and never ask you a question. She can pull a trigger as
quick as any man in these parts, and she ain't afraid of
anything that walks on feet. If you want to see me, just come around the
back way, and say that you are an old friend of mine from
Texas. I will make it all right with the old lady, and see that she doesn't
And as he concluded he turned towards the door.
"I'll tell the old man that you will take care of the clothes. That's all I
can do." With that he drew his hat over his eyes and was soon on his
way to Haralson county to inform the "old man" as to the result of his errand.
(Transcribers note: I believe the 'old man' referred to
above was George W. Gentry, Haralson County surveyor and sheriff at one time.
Flora Gentry married Bud Barry, son of Stokes Barry. )(Family notes
indicate Asbury Gentry moved to California and died there.)
A FATHER'S APPEAL
G. W. Gentry
The Atlanta Constitution (1881-2001); May 15, 1892;
A FATHER'S APPEAL,
Mr. G. W. Gentry has a Word about His Erring Boys.
Buchanan, Ga., May 9. - (Special)- Mr. G. W. Gentry, father of the now
notorious Gentry boys, has written a pathetic letter to the people of the country
in behalf of his erring sons. The letter, in substance, is as follows:
"It is common knowledge that two of those so dear to me, and whom I have tried to
bring up in honesty and industry, are charged with grave offences against the
law, and because I had knowledge myself that they were not guilty of all the
crimes laid to them, and that certain persons seemed bent on convicting them for
crime of which I know they are innocent, and because, as their father, I was
anxious to demonstrate, if I could by proper legal methods, that they were not
guilty of some other acts of which I did not know, some persons have criticized
me as a concealer of crime and criminals.
"To know that they are guilty of any of the
crimes alleged against them would be to me a source of grief from which I could
not hope to recover, and I hope by reasonable, honorable effort to save their
already heart-broken mother from an old age of life that must be worse than death
by demonstrating that they are not guilty, but as an upright, law abiding
citizen, if a verdict by unprejudiced jurors from honest evidence, shall speak
their guilt, then in humiliation and grief I shall bow in submission.
"I started in life very poor and have
but little yet. For forty-three years I have lived in this county. I
have managed to support and raise a large family and during this time if any act
of dishonesty has been alleged against me I have failed to hear of it. For
many years the good people of the county have intrusted me with such official
position as they thought we worthy and competent to fill. That I have not
been backward in punishing crime the records of the courts will attest, and now,
after all these years of honest struggle of myself and wife, through adversity
and poverty, that we should be charged with encouraging, aiding and concealing
crime, even in our own child, seems little less than rewarding a long life of
honest endeavor with cruel injustice.
"May we not hope that Judgment against our boys will be withheld until the
evidence is all heard? G. W. GENTRY