Taylor County Military History

Revolutionary War|War of 1812|Indian Wars|Mexican War|Confederacy|WW I

Military Marker for Veteran

Chart for Wars in each Generation

History of the Georgia Militia, 1783-1861: Campaigns and Generals, Vol. 1: Campaigns and Generals
Vol 2 - 3: Counties and Commanders
Vol 4:The Companies
Publisher: Boyd Publishing Company, Incorporated

MEXICAN WAR (1845-46)

The war was due to a dispute over the territory between the Nueces and Rio Grande rivers in April 1846.War was declared on 13 May 1846. The conflict was resolved with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1849), whereby Mexico ceded California and New Mexico to the United States.

Georgians Who Served

Great Page Telling History - lists Georgia Milita units. HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF THE GEORGIA NATIONAL GUARD

The Georgia Regiment in the Mexican War consisted of the following ten companies:
Enlisted From
The Columbus Guards
The Georgia Light Infantry
The Crawford Guards
The Richmond Blues
The Irish Jasper Greens
The Bibb-Macon Volunteers
The Sumter County Volunteers
The Fannin Avengers
Pike County
The Kennesaw Rangers
Cobb County
The Canton Volunteers
Cherokee County
Total Strength (officers and men)
SOURCE: http://www.hsgng.org/pages/mexwar.htm

Newspaper Accounts

Newspaper accounts give company officers, battles, letters from the front, as well as deaths and wounded.

Bounty Land

Albany, Geo., May 5, 1847.
To Discharged Volunteers.
The undersigned having received the necessary forms and instructions is now prepared to bring to the attention of the Government the claims of those who have entered its service.

By the 9th section of the act to raise for a limited time an additional military force &c., Approved Feb. 11, 1847, “each non-commissioned officer, musician, or private, enlisted or to be enlisted in the regular army, or regularly mustered in any volunteer company, for a period of not less than twelve months, who have served or may serve during the present war with Mexico, and who shall receive an honorable discharge,” &c. shall be entitled to a warrant for ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTY ACRES OF LAND, which he will be at liberty to locate in one body, upon any of the public lands that may be subject to private entry; or he may, at his option when honorably discharged, receive treasury scrip to the amount of ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS, bearing six per cent interest, payable semi-annually, and redeemable at the pleasure of the government.
The sooner these claims are presented the more speedily will they be adjusted. The Treasury scrip when obtained will readily command the money.
Communications from a distance must be post paid to receive attention. ALEX C. MORTON.

Record Information

The act of Congress by which war was declared specified the service of the regular military and naval establishment and the use of volunteers and the militia. Militia service was limited to no more than six months of continuous service, while the volunteers could be mustered for twelve months or until the end of the war. Volunteer units came from twenty-four states, California, and the District of Co- lumbia. One unit was composed of Indians, and a separate battalion of about 500 men was formed of members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, known as the Mormon Battalion. An additional unit, called the Santa Fe Battalion, Missouri Mounted Volunteers, was organized in New Mexico.

Some of the volunteers who served in the Mexican War had also served in the earlier Indian wars or would later serve in the Civil War. Some of the Texas volunteers were retained in service after the war to protect the frontier areas of Texas from Indian attack. The service of these units is documented in records relating to the Indian wars, 1816— 58.

Evidence of the federal service of volunteer and militia units, 1846-48, is in compiled military service records. They are arranged alphabetically by state or territory, fol- lowed by the compilations for soldiers who served in Mor- mon organizations. The records are further broken down by organization, ending with the regiment or the indepen- dent battalion or the company. Under each unit, the service records are arranged alphabetically by surname of soldier. The compiled service records of volunteer soldiers who served in organizations from Mississippi have been micro- filmed as M863, 9 rolls; from Pennsylvania, as M1028, 13 rolls; from Tennessee, as M638, 15 rolls; from Texas, as M278, 19 rolls; and in Mormon organizations, as M351, 3 rolls.

The name index has been reproduced as Index to Cam' piled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Sewed During the Mexican War, M616, 41 rolls.

For an alphabetical list of volunteer officers in the Mex ican War, showing rank and organization, see Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, by Francis B. Heitman (Washington, 1903), 2:43-73.
Source: Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives.

Pension Information

Types of records available for the Mexican War vets .

Applying for pensions for the Mexican War. This is the page for the Organization of Descendants of the war.

Northern Republican congressmen were reluctant to support a Mexican War pension bill because many former Mexican War veterans also served in the Confederacy.
In fact, one of the questions on the pension application of 1887 (22 years after the Civil War) was

"That I am disabled by reason of _________, which said disability was not incurred while in any manner voluntarily engaged in aiding or abetting the late rebellion against the authority of the United States, but that said disability was incurred at _____ on or about the ____ day of _____, 18 __, in manner as follows:__________."

Published Resource

Index to Mexican War Pension Files by Virgil D. White. (Waynesboro, 1989).


Did your ancestor fight in the Confederacy while living in this County?
Do you have diaries, letters, reunion memorabilia to share?
Do you know of published material about their Regiment's history?

Let's get our County Confederate Soldiers descendants together!
Send to:Virginia Crilley

INDEX to Confederate Material

Basics about the GA Military System, BEFORE you begin. (Defining GA military groups)

Master List of all GEORGIA Rosters ON-LINE
Alphabetical Listing of Soldiers

US Civil War Naval

Civil War Forum Post your query and get help!
Rootsweb Civil War Forum Ask your questions here as well!

National Park Service Page Soldiers Database Lots of information.
Search for Soldiers

Battles of every REGIMENT.

Another source for battles

Regiments by County. This site is no longer working. Please help me locate the new url.





Confed Money


Confederate Flags and History



Confederate War Societies




Union Soldiers from Georgia


(Contains Volunteer and Regular Regiments only - not Artillery, Calvary, or State Guard, Reserve, Militia, State Line Regiments)
Six volumes with index in separate volume by Juanita Brightwell.
Lookup: ROSTER OF THE CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS OF GEORGIA, 6 vols. Lillian Henderson. On CD.  Kristopher L Swinson  kswin@juno.com

The Roster of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865. Janet B. Hewett, ed. (Wilmington, NC; Broadfoot Publishing Co, 1996)
This is a multi-volume set derived from the microfilmed indexes to CSA Compiled Military Service Records. As such, it is an alphabetical roster of all CSA soldiers listed in those indexes at the National Archives! I suggest readers check out a nearby college/university library and photocopy the pages (from Hewett) listing the family names they are researching. Make sure to copy every listing that renders your family name phonetically, or renders it in a way attributable to unclear penmanship (the letter n may turn into u; m may be n, or vice versa, etc.) Thus, "Mangham" may be rendered as "Maughan," "Maugham," "Mangum," "Mangrum," "Magham," etc. Don't underestimate the creativity of Confederate First Sergeants and company clerks! (Or of Union PoW camp registrars, hospital attendants, etc.)
The listings in the Hewett rosters will read as follows, for example: Mangham, John W. GA 2nd Bn. S.S. Co. B Cpl.
(This shows that John W. Mangham was a corporal in a Georgia unit known as the 2nd Battalion Sharpshooters.)
(My great-great-grandpa is also listed as Manghham,__ GA 5th Inf. Co. L; this reflects a muster roll entry from Company L, 5th Georgia Volunteer Infantry, which gives his last name only--and that was misspelled.) If your local library doesn't have the Hewett rosters yet, you can doubtless have them call another library which will photocopy a couple of pages for you without any hassle (if they won't, you should try calling!) At one stroke, you will get a very good idea about which of your ancestors and cousins may have served in the CSA, and in which units; then it's fairly simple to order their service records from the Natl. Archives as described below.Contributed by:
Major Dana Mangham

Confederate Research Sources: a guide to archive collections, by James C. Neagles. Salt Lake City, UT: Ancestry Pub. 1986

Military Bibliography of the Civil War by Charles Dornbusch. New York: Public Libary, 1961-87.

History of the Georgia Militia

Purchase from Boyd Publishing Smith, Gordon Burns. History of the Georgia Militia, 1783-1861, Volume 1, Campaigns and Generals. Milledgeville, GA: Boyd, 2000. ISBN: 1-890307-32-7.
Smith, Gordon Burns. History of the Georgia Militia, 1783-1861, Volume 2, Counties and Commanders, Part One. Milledgeville, GA: Boyd, 2000. ISBN: 1-890307-33-5.
Smith, Gordon Burns. History of the Georgia Militia, 1783-1861, Volume 3, Counties and Commanders, Part Two. Milledgeville, GA: Boyd, 2000. ISBN: 1-890307-34-3.
Smith, Gordon Burns. History of the Georgia Militia, 1783-1861, Volume 4, The Companies. Milledgeville, GA: Boyd, 2000. ISBN: 1-890307-35-1.


Many local newspapers published "memoirs" or "letters to the editor" from Confederate Soldiers during the period (1870-1900). They also listed "Reunion Notices"---which often listed all the men in a company, indicating if they were living at the time.

Union Soldiers from GA

Quoting from TRACING YOUR CIVIL WAR ANCESTORS, "Any number of Union men remained in the Federal army after the war. There were even Confederate prisoners who joined the Union Army during the war. They joined, not as deserters or turncoats but as Indian fighters, and were labeled "Galvanized Yankees," the idea being that just as a sheet of galvanized iron is covered with a thin layer of zinc, so the ex-Confecerate was galvanized with a thin layer of "official Yankee,"......

Military Marker for Grave of Veteran

Contact the nearest VA Regional Office, national cemetery, local veterans' organization or library for forms.
(Also available on line:  http://www.cem.va.gov/hmorder.htm )

VA Form 40-1330

Office of Memorial Programs (403A)
Department of Veterans Affairs
810 Vermont Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20420

Eligible: Any deceased verteran discharged under conditions other than 
dishonorable. Must provide an official document pertaining to military service, 
ie. muster rolls, extracts from State files, pension or land warrant.

There is no cost for marker, but installation must be paid from private funds.

Union Soldiers from Georgia

Any Taylor County man who joined a Union Regiment would have been a disgrace to his family. One mention is made in the will of Gideon Newson, "except Christopher Hinton who deserted his country and is gone to our enemy". There were possibly others as it is unlikely he would have gone alone.


Secret Yankees : The Union Circle in Confederate Atlanta (War, Society,
Culture) by Thomas G. Dyer 
Price: $20.97 

History of Andersonville Prison Located about 60 miles from Butler, in Sumter County.
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